Education Vocabulary

Countries That Start With The Letter O

Political geography defines a country as a region that is recognized as a unique national entity. A country may be a separate sovereign state or a component of a larger state, a political subdivision that is not sovereign or was once sovereign, or a geographical area that is home to various historically independent or other related groups of people. Only Oman is among the nations whose names begin with an O.

Countries That Start With O

About Oman Country

The only nation in the world whose name begins with the letter O is the Sultanate of Oman, or simply Oman. The nation is situated on the Arabian Peninsula’s southeast coast in the southwest region of Asia. Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates are Oman’s neighbors.


Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al-Said has been in power in Oman, which has a population of about 4,424,762 people, since 1970. The Omani rial is the country’s official currency, Arabic is the official language, and Muscat is the country’s capital. The Portuguese colonized Oman from 1507 to 1650, making Muscat the capital and principal administrative center.

After driving the Portuguese out of Muscat in 1581, the Ottoman Turks took control and ruled there until 1588. In 1740, Oman became an independent nation. The majority of people practice Islam, with more than 75% of them being Ibadi Muslims and the remaining 25% being Sunni and Shia Muslims.

Oman’s History

The Sultanate of Oman has a long and rich history. The first human settlement in Oman dates back to the Paleolithic era. The country was later home to the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and the Persian Empire. Islam was introduced to Oman in the 7th century, and the country soon became a leading maritime power in the Persian Gulf.

In the 18th century, Oman was ruled by the Al Said dynasty, which oversaw a period of great prosperity. Oman later fell under the control of the British Empire but gained independence in 1971. Today, Oman is a thriving nation with a rich culture and a bright future.


In the interior, it is hot and dry, and on the coast, it is hot and humid. Winters are mild, with lows averaging around 63° F (17° C), and summer temperatures in the capital city of Muscat and other coastal locations frequently reach 110° F (43° C) with high humidity. Although they are more moderate at higher elevations, interior temperatures are similar.

Al-climate Al’s is more temperate than that of northern Oman because the summer monsoon predominates in Dhofar. The nation receives very little rain, only 4 inches (100 mm) on average (although precipitation in the mountains is heavier).

Tourism In Oman

In Oman, tourism is a significant industry that is projected to expand over the next few years. The nation has several famous and cultural tourist destinations. The primary tourist activities on Al-Sawadi Beach include diving and water sports, as well as watching marine life like turtles, dolphins, and birds along the shorelines.

Turtles come here each year from the Indian Ocean to lay their eggs. Other well-liked tourist destinations include desert safaris, cave exploration, market excursions, and museums. International tourists frequently visit Oman’s iconic and heritage sites, such as Bahla Fort, ancient settlements, tombs, and the Frankincense Route.

Plants and Animal Life in Oman

The vegetation is sparse due to the low precipitation, except areas that receive irrigation from the ancient aflaj system of water channels (singular: falaj). The channels frequently originate in wells near the bases of mountains and travel underground. In 2006, aflaj as a whole received the UNESCO designation of a World Heritage Site.

The majority of the sparse natural vegetation is made up of acacia trees, and the soil is very rocky. Certain plant species are protected in nature preserves. In addition, the government safeguards endangered animal species like the loggerhead turtle, mountain goat, Arabian oryx, and leopard. The birdlife of Oman is incredibly diverse and includes species like the Socotra cormorant, Egyptian vulture, Barbary falcon, and glossy ibis.


Oman, which is just a little bit smaller than Poland in size, is bordered to the southwest by Yemen, to the south and east by the Arabian Sea, to the north by the Gulf of Oman, to the northwest by the United Arab Emirates, and to the west by Saudi Arabia. The Musandam Peninsula’s northernmost tip, known as the Rus al-Jibl (“the Mountaintops”), is a small exclave that provides Oman with its sole Persian Gulf frontage. The largest of the five Khuriyy Muriyy Islands, Al-allniyyah Island, is 25 miles (40 km) off the south coast and is one of its offshore territories. Ma’rah Island is to the east.

Facts about Oman

The Arab world’s oldest independent state is Oman

Since 1744, the Omani Al Said Family has ruled Oman. Before Sultan Qaboos assumed power in the 1970s, it was one of the Arab World’s most remote and traditional nations. One of the oldest human-inhabited nations on Earth, Oman is also thought to have been home to people for at least 106,000 years.

The Middle East’s longest-serving head of state is from Oman

On July 23, 1970, Sultan Qaboos Bin Said officially assumed control of Oman. Since then, the nation’s educational, economic, financial, and political standards have dramatically increased. People are happier and the nation is developing quickly. Because Oman is a Sultanate, Sultan Qaboos must choose the person who will succeed him when he passes away.

Oman is nation free of terrorism

Oman is one of the most secure and safest nations in the Arab World, according to the Global Terrorism Index. Oman scored 0 in the most recent report for the years 2016–2017, placing it among the nations with the lowest levels of terrorism in the world.

Oman’s national animal is the Arabian oryx

The endangered Arabian Oryx is a white antelope with long straight horns, a tufted tail, and a distinctive shoulder bump. They reside in the Arab Peninsula’s deserts, most notably in Oman. In Oman, the White Oryx or the Arabian Oryx is referred to and called the Maha. They serve as the nation’s symbol, and renowned Omani gas stations bear their names.

Sultan Qaboos University was the country of Oman’s first university

In 1986, Sultan Qaboos University was founded and became the first university in the nation. Being accepted into one of its faculties at this esteemed university requires strong high school grades. It is situated in Al Khoud, the Muscat Capital Governorate. The university, which offers lodging, shops, and a library, and is accessible to all Omanis, is a town unto itself.

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